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What was rebuilt was considerably damaged again by the Turkish assault of 1462. In 1501, under Sultan Beyazit II, the Lower Castle, protected by a circular bastion at the northernmost point, was added to protect the north harbour.

Ioannis 294 Skouphos, Philotheos 340 Smári necropolis 102 Snake goddesses 13, 43, 44, ; (finds from) 182 Spiny Mouse, Cretan 315, 363 Spratt, Captain T. B., cartographer and surveyor 35, 149, 167, 176, 220, 246, 250, 252, 253, 261, 287, 394, Stavroménos 281 Stavrós 334 Stavroulakis, Nikos 328 Stephanos of Byzantium 235, 308, 393 Sternáki 343 Stillman, William 282 Stómio 381 Stone vases, manufacture of 180 Strabo, geographer 38, 118, 189 Stýlos 343–44 Sweetwater Beach 354 Syia, ancient city 369, 374 Syrinthos, ancient city 246 Syvritos, ancient city 301–02 T Tarra, ancient city 366; (finds from) 332 Tavronítis 383 Teménia 374 Témenos 17, 18, 95–97, ) Thériso 359 Theseus 65, 191 Thrapsanó 100 Thrónos 301–02 Thucydides 270 Tiepolo, Giacomo, Duke of Candia 96 Titus, St 48, 142; (St Titus Revolt) 19 Topólia 392 Tortoiseshell ripple ware 31 Tournefort, Joseph Pitton de 35 Tournes necropolis 305 , 180 Vasilikí 217–18 Váthi 392 Vathýpetro 93–95; (finds from) 82 Veneris, Mikhail 309, 359 Venice, Venetians, control of Crete 18–20; (in Chaniá) 323–24; (in Herákleion) 38–40; (on Lasíthi) 19, 202; (in Réthymnon) 272; (and the Sphakiots) 352; (rebellion against) 18, 96; (antiquarians in Crete) 34–35 Venetian villas Clodio (Argyroúpolis) 317; (Chromonastíri) 300; (Píkris) 281 Etiá 250–51 Ranieri 387 Sanguinazzo 281 Saonazzi 304 Trevisan 387 Venizelos, Eleftherios 21, 21–22, 359; (museums about) 207, 333; (tomb of) 334 Ventris, Michael 63, 268 Vergitzi, Evmenia 136 Vernacular architecture 161 ( Vóri 160 Votomos, Lake 169 Voulisméno Alóni 132 Voutás 380 Vrókastro 211 Vrónda 227, 228; (finds from) 221 Vrýses (Chaniá) 345, 349 Vrýsinas, Mt 300; (finds from) 277 W War Cemeteries (Commonwealth) 339; (German) 383 Waugh, Evelyn 164, 350 White Mountains 7, 362; (foothills of) 343ff Wild cat, Cretan 362 Windmills (Lasíthi) 202–03, 205 Wine 106, 240 Woolley, Sir Leonard 44 World War Two (363 Zeus 259; (and Europa) 143; (birth of) 104, 208; (infancy of) 296; (mythical grave of) 83; (temples of) 114, 187, 259, 261 Zíros Plateau 251 Zois, Antonios 217 Zóminthos 295 Zorba’s Cliff 334 Zoú 241 Zoúrva 359 ) Achaeans 154, 204, 271, 485 Achaean League 18, 274, 400, 405, 407 Achaìa 399ff Achaia Clauss winery 404–05 Achelòös, river 488, 540, 542 Achèrondas, river (Acheron) 527, 528, 529 Achilles 536, 563, 564 Achladòkambos 254 Acrocorinth 178–80, , site of 325 Aegeus, father of Theseus 76 Aegisthus 206 Aeschylus 16, 67, 99, 116, 146 Aetolia-Acarnania 485ff Aetolian League18, 485, 492 Aetolians 447, 485, 500, 582 Aëtòs 349 Àfytos 680 Agamemnon 206, 215, 216, 225, 298.

Amply covers mainland Greece, the cradle of western civilization. Focuses on the long history of the largest Greek island, from Minoan civilization to the present day.

Updated information on developments in archaeology and scholarship make this the essential guide for visitors to Greece who are genuinely interested in its past as a way of enjoying the present. It includes detailed coverage of the major resorts and archaeological sites, Venetian and Ottoman architecture, the island’s unique landscape and wildlife, and its important history in the Second World War.

Ioannis 294 Skouphos, Philotheos 340 Smári necropolis 102 Snake goddesses 13, 43, 44, ; (finds from) 182 Spiny Mouse, Cretan 315, 363 Spratt, Captain T. B., cartographer and surveyor 35, 149, 167, 176, 220, 246, 250, 252, 253, 261, 287, 394, Stavroménos 281 Stavrós 334 Stavroulakis, Nikos 328 Stephanos of Byzantium 235, 308, 393 Sternáki 343 Stillman, William 282 Stómio 381 Stone vases, manufacture of 180 Strabo, geographer 38, 118, 189 Stýlos 343–44 Sweetwater Beach 354 Syia, ancient city 369, 374 Syrinthos, ancient city 246 Syvritos, ancient city 301–02 T Tarra, ancient city 366; (finds from) 332 Tavronítis 383 Teménia 374 Témenos 17, 18, 95–97, ) Thériso 359 Theseus 65, 191 Thrapsanó 100 Thrónos 301–02 Thucydides 270 Tiepolo, Giacomo, Duke of Candia 96 Titus, St 48, 142; (St Titus Revolt) 19 Topólia 392 Tortoiseshell ripple ware 31 Tournefort, Joseph Pitton de 35 Tournes necropolis 305 , 180 Vasilikí 217–18 Váthi 392 Vathýpetro 93–95; (finds from) 82 Veneris, Mikhail 309, 359 Venice, Venetians, control of Crete 18–20; (in Chaniá) 323–24; (in Herákleion) 38–40; (on Lasíthi) 19, 202; (in Réthymnon) 272; (and the Sphakiots) 352; (rebellion against) 18, 96; (antiquarians in Crete) 34–35 Venetian villas Clodio (Argyroúpolis) 317; (Chromonastíri) 300; (Píkris) 281 Etiá 250–51 Ranieri 387 Sanguinazzo 281 Saonazzi 304 Trevisan 387 Venizelos, Eleftherios 21, 21–22, 359; (museums about) 207, 333; (tomb of) 334 Ventris, Michael 63, 268 Vergitzi, Evmenia 136 Vernacular architecture 161 ( Vóri 160 Votomos, Lake 169 Voulisméno Alóni 132 Voutás 380 Vrókastro 211 Vrónda 227, 228; (finds from) 221 Vrýses (Chaniá) 345, 349 Vrýsinas, Mt 300; (finds from) 277 W War Cemeteries (Commonwealth) 339; (German) 383 Waugh, Evelyn 164, 350 White Mountains 7, 362; (foothills of) 343ff Wild cat, Cretan 362 Windmills (Lasíthi) 202–03, 205 Wine 106, 240 Woolley, Sir Leonard 44 World War Two (363 Zeus 259; (and Europa) 143; (birth of) 104, 208; (infancy of) 296; (mythical grave of) 83; (temples of) 114, 187, 259, 261 Zíros Plateau 251 Zois, Antonios 217 Zóminthos 295 Zorba’s Cliff 334 Zoú 241 Zoúrva 359 INDEX TO BLUE GUIDE CRETE For a formatted version of the index please see /bgcrete/A Achilles, shield of 67 Achladia House A 241 Achládia valley 241–42 Afráta 384 Afratí 107 Aghía Eiríni 369, 373 Aghía Eiríni Gorge 369 Aghía Galíni 309 Aghía Paraskeví, church of 294 Aghía Paraskeví, church of (Amári Valley) 302 Aghía Paraskeví, village (Réthymnon) 305 Aghía Pelagía 130 Aghía Photiá 265–66; (finds from) 179, 236 Aghiá Reservoir 361 Aghía Rouméli 365, 367 Aghía Triáda 13, 154–59, ; (findspot of larnax) 159 Aghía Varvára, islet 126 Aghía Varvára, village 140 Ághii Déka 140–41 Ághii Pándes, island of 174, 187, 365 Aghiophárango Gorge 166 Ághios Antónios, chapel of 300 Ághios Dimítrios 281 Aghios Efthýmios, cave church 169 Ághios Geórgios, village of 207 Ághios Ioánnis (Chaniá) 353 Ághios Ioánnis (Kritsá) 196 Ághios Ioánnis (near Aghía Triáda) 159 Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kalógeros) 302 Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kardáki) 305 Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kritsá) 196 Ághios Konstantínos 316 Ághios Konstantínos, church of (Pýrgos) 110 Ághios Kyr’ Ioánnis, church of 360 Ághios Nikólaos 174–85, 198 Ághios Nikólaos, chapel of 183, Ághios Nikólaos, church of (Kyriakosélia) 344 Ághios Pandeleímon, church of (Pediáda district) 103 Ághios Pandeleímonos (near Fódele) 132 Ághios Pávlos 159 Ághios Stéphanos, church of 386 Ághios Thomás 138 Agrimia goats 187, 207, 363, 365 Akathist Hymn 306, 316 Akoúmia 309 Akrotíri peninsula 334–36 Aldine Press 20 Alexander the Great 15 Alexander V, antipope 41, 190 Alidakis, Ibrahim 349 Alíkambos 346 Alikianós 360 Almyrída 345 Amári 303 Amári Valley 299ff Ambelos, ancient city 252 Ammianus Marcellinus, historian 16 Amnátos 281 Amnisós 113–14 Amphimalla, ancient city 317 Análipsi () Andromachos the Cretan 203 Anemóspilia 28, 89; (finds from) 81 Angelos, 15th-century painter 109 Anisaráki 374–75 Áno Viánnos 108–09 Numbers in italics are picture references.

Dimitrios 34 Kalliópi, Lemnos 531 Kallithéa, Rhodes 293, Kalógeros Castle, Naxos 150 Kalorítissa, Naxos 146 Kálymnos 395ff Kalývia, Euboea 621 Kalývia, Thasos 571 Kamáres, Siphnos 219 Kamári, Santorini 169 Kamariótissa, Samothrace 540 Kámba, Ikaría 462 Kambanarió Tower, Siphnos 220 Kambí, Kea 206 Kambiá, Chios 454 Kambiá area, Euboea 615 Kámbos area, Chios 438 Kámbos, Ikaría 465 Kámbos, Patmos 425 Kámbos, Samos 494 Kámbos, Syros 62 Kameíros, Rhodes 289–93, ; (finds from) 271 Kameíros Skála, Rhodes 293 Kamíni, Hydra 31 Kamínia, Lemnos 533 Kamnarokaďko, Thasos 571 Kanákia, Salamis 42 Kanála, Kythnos 213 Kanaris, Konstantinos 434, 437 Kapralos, Christos (sculptor; 1909–93) 18 Kapsalinókastro, Ikaría 464 Kapsis, Ioannis, corsair 231 Kara Ali 434; (sarcophagus of) 436 Karakostides brothers (painters; 18C) 355 Karayiannis, Lela 604 Kardámaina, Kos 390 Kardámyla, Chios 453 Karíni, Lesbos 514 Karkinágri, Ikaría 467 Karlóvasi, Samos 495 Karnavas, Anastasis (architect; 18C) 355 Karneia, festival 173 Kárpathos 324 Karthaia, Kea 207–09; (finds from) 205 Kárystos, Euboea 620–21 Kasavíti, Thasos 570 Kasos 336ff; (massacre of) 337 Káspakas, Lesbos 531 Kastéllas, Kálymnos 401 Kastélli, Patmos 425 Kastellórizo 341ff Kástellos, Rhodes 293 Kastráki, tower of, Alónnisos 587 Kastrí Bay, Euboea 624 Kastrí, fortress of, Kálymnos 406 Kastrí, site of, Thasos 571–72 Kastrí, Syros 62; (finds from) 57 Kastri Group 54 Kastro tis Oriás, Kythnos 212 Kastro, Siphnos 222 Kastro, site of, Skiáthos 577 Kástro, Thasos 571 Katálakkos, Lemnos 531 , site of, Ikaría 464 Katápola, Amorgós 184 Katapolianí, Paros 111–13 Káthisma Apolloú, Patmos 426 Káto Kámbos Bay, Amorgós 192 Káto Kouphonísi 195, 197 Káto Marathós, Naxos 147 Káto Meriá, Kea 207 Káto Petáli, Siphnos 222 Káto Potamiá, Naxos 140 Káto Sangrí, Naxos 145 Káto Séta, Euboea 616 Katoúnes, Skyros 594 Katsonis, Lambros 201; (monument to) 203 Kattavía, Rhodes 308 Kávo Vasíli, Poros 36 Kazakos, Konstantinos (sculptor; 20C) 28 Kazantzakis, Nikos 18, 133 Kea 200ff Kechrítis, Ikaría 462 Kechrovoúni, convent, Tinos 95 Kéntarchos, Sériphos 218 INDEX 669 Kephála, Cave of, Kálymnos 398 Képhala peninsula, Kea 203 Keramí, Naxos 143, 144 Kéramos, Chios 452 Keramotí, Naxos 150 Kerasiá, Samothrace 549 , 237 Kheir ed-Din Barbarossa, islands captured by 14, 51, 84, 109, 123, 129, 156, 181, 184, 200, 215, 311, 316, 576, 577, 579, 585, 590, 643 Kidiánta, Chios 453 Kiliç Ali, Ottoman admiral 475 Kímolos 240 Kínaion, Cape, Euboea 602 Kíni, Syros 61 Kiónia, Tinos 95; (finds from) 94 Kípi Bay, Samothrace 549 Kípos, Milos 239 Kirykos, St 464 Kitrianí, island 227 Klíma, Milos 235 Klíma, Skópelos 584 Klontzas, Georgios (painter, 16C) 351 Klopedí, site of, Lesbos 519; (finds from) 505, 520 Knights of St John 253, 254, 259–60, 261, 270, 287, 337, 341, 348, 358, 365, 373, 376, 390, 392, 397, 401, 403, 409, 412, 413, 419, 459; (major castles of) 293, 296, 321, 343, 351, 366, 379 , site of, Chios 453 Koíli, Euboea 617 Koímisis tis Theotókou, Samos 496 Koinyra, Thasos 568 Kokáli, Leros 412 Kókkini Ekklisía, Euboea 620 Kókkini Paraliá, Santorini 176 Kokkinókastro, Alónnisos 587 Kokkinómylo Hill, Euboea 627 Kokkinos, Michalis (sculptor; 1900–90) 398, 403 Kokoréli, Poros 36 Kolaios of Samos () Kolokotronis, Theodoros 30, 45, 577 Kolónes, Salamis 43 Kolonna, Aegina 16–17 Kolophána, Amorgós 192 Kolýmbia, Rhodes 295 Kolymbíthra, Tinos 97 Kómi, Chios 446 Konstantinidis, Aris (architect; 1913–93) 35 Kontiás, Lemnos 529 Kontoglou, Photis (painter; 1895–1965) 282 Kontopoúli, Lemnos 531 Koraďs, Adamantios 437 , Foúrni 457 Kórthi, Andros 107 Kos 371ff Asclepeion 384–88 Kos Town 373–83 Koskinás Castle, Ikaría 465 Kóstos, Paros 121 Koukonísi, Lemnos 533 Koukounariés, Paros 119–20 Koukounariés beach, Skiáthos 578 Koumáros, Tinos 96 Koumeďka, Samos 494 Koundouriotis, Lazaros 26, 29 Koundouriotis, Admiral Paul 527, 552 Kouphonísia 197 Kourkouniótis, Symi 353 Kouroi of Naxos 136–38, 233; (findspot of) 237 ‘Lady of Rho’ 345; (statue of) 343 Lago, Mario 255, 256 Lakkí, Leros 410 Lákkoma, Samothrace 541 Lámbi, Patmos 425 Lámbou Mýli, Lesbos 510 Langáda, Amorgós 193 Langáda, Chios 453 Langáda, Ikaría 467 254, 268 Lárdos, Rhodes 306 Lathrínos, Naxos 146 Lazárou Castle, Samos 495 Le Corbusier, architect 189 Lefkandí, Euboea 610; (finds from) 611 Léfkes, Amorgós 188 Léfkes, Paros 121 Lefkós, Kárpathos 329 Leimónos monastery, Lesbos 519 Lelantine Plain, Euboea 609 Lemnian Earth 530, 531 Lemnos 525ff Lemnos Stele 536 Leo III, emperor 141 Leo VI, emperor 475 Leo the Mathematician 100 Leo of Tripoli 525 Lépida, Leros 410, 412 Lesser Cyclades 195ff Lesser Sporades 587–88 Leto, myths concerning 64, 65, 67, 74 Lévitha, island 463 Licháda peninsula, Euboea 602 Ligarídia, Naxos 152 Limenária, Thasos 571 Liménas, Thasos 553–66 Limendas, sculptor 557 Límni Alykí, Lemnos 532 Límni, Euboea 604 Limniá, Chios 451 Limnos ( Lindos Ware 254, 298 Linó, Mykonos 89 Liónas, Naxos 150 Lípsi 427–28 Lisvório Spa, Lesbos 515 Lithí, Chios 444 Livádia, Tilos 358 Livadochóri, Lemnos 529 Livy 603 Logothetis, Lykourgos 481 Lombardi, Pietro 256, 293 London Protocol 475, 644 Longovárda monastery, Paros 119 Louloúda Castle, Samos 494 Loutrá Aidipsoú, Euboea 600, Loutrá, Kythnos 212 Loutrá, Nísyros 366 Loutráki, Skópelos 584 Loútsa, Euboea 616 Lucian, rhetorician 523 Lucretius, philosopher 259 Ludwig I of Bavaria 23 Lycomedes, King of Skyros 590 Lydgamis, tyrant of Naxos 127, 134, 147 Lysander, Spartan general 539, 552, 562 Lysimachus, King of Thrace 539 Lysippus, sculptor 254 Lytras, Nikephoros (painter; 1832–1904) 98 Lytras, Nikolaos (painter; 1883–1927) 98 Lytras, Periklis (painter; 1888–1940) 98 M Machrychóri, Euboea 616 Mahmud II, sultan 326, 552 Macedon, kingdom of 639–40 Makrónisos 209 Makrotántalo tower, Andros 104 Maltezána, Astypálaia 317 Mamurra of Formiae, engineer 628 Mandamádos, Lesbos 520 Mandoúdi, Euboea 606 INDEX 671 Mándra, Despotikó 125 Mandráki Bay, Hydra 31 Mandráki, Nísyros 365 Mandrákia, Milos 236 Manganári Bay, Ios 158 Manganítis, Ikaría 463 Mánika, Euboea, finds from 609 Manikakis, Vassilis 537 Manikiótis Gorge, Euboea 617 Maráthi 428 Márathos, Kárpathos 330 Marble quarries (Paros) 120–21; (Thasos) 569 Mariés, Thasos 570–71 ‘Marine Venus’ 271, Mark Antony 200, 475, 575, 579, 585 Markési, site of, Skyros 594 Markianí, site of, Amorgós 191 Marlás, Tinos 99 Mármara, Paros 122 Marmári, Euboea 628 Mármaro, Chios 454 Marmaromándra, Thasos 566 Maroudakis, Fr Chrysanthos 355 Mastic 447, 448 Mastic Villages, Chios 447ff Mausolus, King of Halicarnassus 371 Mávra Vólia, Chios 447 Mavrogenis family 112, 115 Mavrogenous, Mando 84, 86, 113, 115 Mavromichalis, Elias 627 Mavropoulos, Konstantinos (painter; 20C) 103 Mávros Pýrgos, Siphnos 226 Megáli Panaghía, monastery, Samos 493 Megálo Chorió, Sériphos 217 Megálo Chorió, Tilos 360 Megálo Livádi, Sériphos 217 Megalochóri, Santorini 174 Mégara 39, 41 Mehmet II (the Conqueror) 260, 351, 358, 365, 390, 503 Melanés, Naxos 136 Melaniós, Chios 451 Meleager, myths concerning 414 ‘Melian Dialogue’ 229, 234 Melída, Andros 103 Melitsáchas, Kálymnos 404 , site of, Milos 234 Mendola, Carmelo (sculptor; 1895–1976) 608 Ménites, Andros 103 Menophanes, general 66 Mermelechas, Manolis 85 Mesa, Sanctuary of, Lesbos 516 Mesagrós, Lesbos 513 Mesariá Valley, Andros 103 Mesariá, Santorini 169 Mesochóri, Kárpathos 328 Mestá, Chios 450 Metamórphosis, monastery of, Skópelos 582 Methodius (woodcarver; 19C) 119 Methymna, Lesbos 501 516–17 Mexis, Hadji-Yannis 46 Miaoulis, Andreas 26, 28, 29, 34, 577 Michael VIII, Palaeologus 528, 643 Michiel family 200, 434 Mikrá Kaméni 165 Mikró Chorió, Tilos 358 Mikró Vouní, Samothrace 541 Miliopó, Ikaría 464 Milos 229ff Miltiades, Athenian general 109 Miltos 200, 203 Minoa, Amorgós 186 Minoan presence in islands 50, 176, 286, 324, 340, 541, 636 Minoan sites 399 Minotto, Ermolao 215 Mithridates, ruler of Pontus 66, 434, 503, 641 Mohammed Ali, khedive of Egypt 337 Mólyvos, Lesbos () Monferrat, Boniface of 622 Moní Aghías Triádas, Rhodes 294 Moní Panachrántou, Andros 105–06 Moní Thári, Rhodes 272, 305 Monk seals 588 Monokámbi, Ikaría 464 Monólithos Castle, Rhodes 306 Monomachos, Constantine IX () Moraitidis, Alexandros 576, 577 Moresco, Andrea and Lodovico 324 Mória, Lesbos 510 672 INDEX Morosini, Francesco 14, 417, 643, 644 Mósychlos, Lemnos 531 Moúdros, Lemnos 533 Moundón, monastery, Chios 454 Moutsoúna, Naxos 152 Movolo, tower of, Tinos 95 Muhammad Ali, Viceroy of Egypt 552, 572 Murat Reis, corsair 279 Mycale, Battle of 475, 638; (Straits of) 479 Mycenaean influence in the islands 50, 257 Mycenaean sites 31, 32, 42, 43, 89, 99, 119, 225, 286, 306, 329, 399, 471, 636 Mykonos 83ff Mýli, Euboea 622 Mýli, Naxos 139 Mylopótamos Valley, Kea 204 Mylopótas, Ios 158 Mýrina, Lemnos 527 Myrina, Queen of the Amazons 501, 525, 543 Myrísis, Naxos 148 Myrivilis, Stratis 501 Mystery cults 542 Mytilene, Lesbos 501, 503–08 Mytilinií, Samos 493 N Nagós, Chios 454 Náoussa, Paros 120 Nápi, Lesbos 520 Nas, Ikaría 466–67 Naucratis 14, 257 Navarino, Battle of 34, 644 Navigajoso family 525–26, 528 Naxos, Naxians 65, 71, 73, 74, 127ff Néa Kaméni, island 165, 168 Néa Moní, Chios 440–43 Neo-martyrs of Thrace 541 Nerá, island of 399 Nero, emperor 475 Newton, Charles 403 Niarchos, Stavros 47 Níkaris rock, Ikaría 463 Nikiá, Nísyros 369 Nimboreió, Symi 350 Nísyros 364ff Nýmos, island 350 O Obsidian 229, 232 Óchi, Mt, Euboea 623, 628 , site of, Ikaría 465 Oía, Santorini 169 Oikonómou, island 120 Oinoússes 469 Olier, Charles, Marquis of Nointel 125 Olýmpi, Chios 449 Ólympos, Kárpathos 331 Ólympos, Mt, Lesbos 514 Oreí, Euboea 602 Oria Castle, Chios 454 Orlov, Count Alexei 231, 527, 529, 644 Órmos, Ios 156 , Euboea 605 Oroetes, Persian satrap 473 Óros, Mt, Aegina 24 Orpheus, myths concerning 523 Osman III, sultan 585 Óthos, Kárpathos 327 Otto, King of Greece 621, 645; (signature of) 125 Ottoman art in Dodecanese 254 Ottoman rule in islands 91, 253, 260, 643–44 Otziás, Kea 203 Ouzo 514 Ovid 135, 463 Ovriókastro, Lesbos 523 Oxýlithos, Euboea 618 P Pachiá Ráchi, Aegina 24 Palaeologus, Andronicus II ( Palaiochóra, hill of, Euboea 620 Palaiochóra, Thasos 568 Palaiochóri, Milos 238 Palaiókastro villages, Andros 107 Palaiókastro, Ios 159 Palaiókastro, Kímolos 242 Palaiókastro, site of, Leros 412 Palaiókastro, Mykonos 88 INDEX 673 Palaiókastro, Nísyros 366 Palaiókastro, Síkinos 250 Palaiókastro, Thasos 570 Palaiopanaghiá, Kálymnos 400 Palaiópolis, Andros 105; (finds from) 102, 105 Palaiópyrgos, Paros 120 Palaiórema, Milos 238 , site of, Skiáthos 576 Palamári, Skyros 594 Palamídas, Hydra 31 Palatía, Ikaría 465 Palatía, Kos 392 Palí, Nísyros 367 Pálli-Lákka drakóspita, Euboea 626 Pan, cave of, Thasos 564 Pan, sanctuary of, Kos 393 Panaghía, Kasos 338 Panaghía, Lemnos 533 Panaghía, Sériphos 217 Panaghía, Thasos 568 Panaghía Agrelopoúsaina, Chios 445 Panaghía Argokiliótissa, Naxos 150 Panaghía Arión, Naxos 153 Panaghía Arkouliótissa, Naxos 146 Panaghía Attaliótissa, Naxos 148 Panaghía Chozoviótissa, Amorgós 189 Panaghía Damniótissa, Naxos 143 Panaghía Drosianí, Naxos 139, Panaghía Enniamerítissa, Chálki 322 Panaghía Episkopí, Santorini 169 Panaghía Evangelístria, Tinos 93–94 Panaghía Flevariótissa, Astypálaia 315 Panaghía Gourlamáta, Leros 412 Panaghía Kakaviótissa, Lemnos 529 Panaghía Katholikí, Rhodes 294 Panaghía Kavourádaina, Leros 412 Panaghía Kechriás, Skiáthos 577 Panaghía Koumána, Patmos 425 Panaghía Kounístra, Skiáthos 578 Panaghía Krína, Chios 439 Panaghía Kyrá Psilí, Kálymnos 400 Panaghía Loutrianí, Kea 205 Panaghía Makriní, Samos 497 Panaghía Mánganas, Siphnos 223 Panaghía Myrsiniótissa, Lesbos 519 Panaghía Paraportianí, Mykonos 85 Panaghía tou Polití, Amorgós 192 Panaghía Potamítissa, Kasos 339 Panaghía tou Potamoú, Samos 495 Panaghía Sarandaskaliótissa, Samos 496 Panaghía Spilianí, Samos 482 Panaghía Troulótis, Lesbos 511 Panaghía Tsambíka, Rhodes 295 Panaghía sto Vounó, Alónnisos 586 Panaghía Vrysianís, Siphnos 227 Pandéli, Leros 413 Páno Kouphonísi 197 Panormítis, Symi 353 Pánormos, Kálymnos 404 Pánormos, Naxos 152 Pánormos, site of, Skópelos 584 Pantocrator, monastery of, Paros 122 Papadiamantis, Alexandros 576 Paradeísa Bay, Amorgós 192 Paradeísi, Euboea 629 Parakopí, Syros 61 Parian Chronicle 114 Parian marble 123 Parikiá, Paros 111–16 Parmeniótissa, Rhodes 294 Parmenon, marble-worker 565 Paros 65, 109ff, 568 Parthéni, Leros 415 Parthenios, Blessed 440 Parthenos Iokallis, sanctuary of 414 Pastída, Rhodes 288 Patitíri, Alónnisos 586 Patmos 416 Paul of Aegina 14 Paul, St 301, 302, 373, 503, 539 Pausanias 35, 135, 224, 313, 463, 555 Péfki, bay of, Euboea 604 Pefkiá, Chálki 321 Péfkos Bay, Skyros 595 Peisistratus, tyrant of Athens 39 Pelagia, Sister 93, 95, 96 Pelasgians 501 Pelinnaíon, Mt, Chios 454 Penthelides dynasty 501 , ancient city 579, 581 Pérama, mainland Greece 41 Pérama, Lesbos 514 Pérdika, Aegina 24 674 INDEX Perdíki, Ikaría 464 Pericles, leader of Athens 603 Períssa, Santorini 175 Peristéra, island 587 Peristéria, Salamis 42 Perivolís monastery, Lesbos 523 Perívolos, Santorini 175 Perseus, myths concerning 214 Perseus, King of Macedon 539, 640 Persia, Persians, rule of and wars with Greece 14, 127, 432, 552, 611, 637–38; () Petaloúdes (Paros) 124, 288 Petra, Lesbos 518 Petracco, Rodolfo (architect; 20C) 256, 282, 308, 375, 397, 410, 411 Petrified Forest, Lesbos 522 Petrokopeió quarry, Foúrni 457 Pezónda, bay of, Kálymnos 401 Phaedra, myths concerning 35 , Chios 449 Phaneroméni, monastery of, Salamis 41–42 Phaneroméni, Nísyros 369 Pheráklos Castle, Rhodes 296 Pherecydes, mythographer 409 Pherecydes, philosopher 55, 61; (cave of) 62 Philérimos, Rhodes 287 Phília, Lesbos 520 Philikí Etaireía 45, 417, 644 Philip II, King of Macedon 539, 640 Philip V, King of Macedon 575, 585, 640 Philoctetes 527, 533; (cave of) 533 Phisíni Towers, Lemnos 536 Phry, Kasos 338 Phylakés, Kálymnos 400 Phylakopí, Milos 54, 236–38; (finds from) 233 Piali Pasha 434 Pigádia, Kárpathos 326 Pigí, Ikaría 466 Pindar 73 Pipéri, island 588 Piri Reis, Turkish admiral 537 Pisani family 156, 162, 181, 200 Piso, Lucius Calpurnius 539 Pisónas, tower of, Euboea 615 Pithára Valley, Andros 103 Pitton de Tournefort, Joseph, signature of 125 Pityós, Chios 455 Pius II, pope 417, 527 Pláka, Forest of, Kos 391 Pláka, Lemnos 533 Pláka, Milos 233 Pláka, Naxos 145 Plataea, Battle of 41, 127, 219, 638 Platáni, Kos 384 Plátanos, Leros 413 Plato 539 Platý, Lemnos 529 Platý Vouní, Syros 62 Platýs Gialós, Siphnos 227 Pliny, references to islands in works of 259, 283, 358, 387, 514, 516, 544 Plomári, Lesbos 503, 514 Plutarch 135, 594, 601, 603 , Lemnos 533–35 Politis family 144 Polýaigos 243 Polycrates, tyrant of Samos 473, 480, 488, 497 Polydorus, sculptor 254 Polygnotus, painter 552 Pontikókastro, Symi 351 Poros 33ff; (Battle of) 33, 34; (Poros Protocol) 644 Portára, Naxos 134, Pórtes, Mykonos 89 Portianó, Lemnos 529 Poseidon, myths concerning 364; (statue of) 235 Poseidon, sanctuaries of Poros 36; (finds from) 35 Thasos 559 Poseidonía, Syros 61 Poseidoniasts 70, 75 Poseidónio, Samos 479 Potamiá, Thasos , Kárpathos 326 INDEX 675 Potós, Thasos 571 Pramnian wine 462 Prasonísi, Rhodes 308 Praxiteles, sculptor 371 Prochoros 418, 421 Procles of Epidaurus 473 Pródromos, Paros 122 Profília, Rhodes 307 Profítis Amós, Rhodes 294 Profítis Ilías, hill of, Paros 118, Profítis Ilías, monastery, Santorini 174 Profítis Ilías, monastery, Siphnos 224 Profítis Ilías, Mt, Rhodes 304 Profítis Ilías Troulakíou, Mt, Siphnos 224 Prokópi, Euboea 606 Psará 44, 55, 59, 471–72, 611, 644; (finds from) 437 Psarópyrgos, Ios 159 Psarós, tower of, Sériphos 216 Psáthi, Ios 159 Psathoúra, island 588 Psérimos 406–07 Psilí Ámmos, Patmos 424 Psilí Ámmos, Samos 479 Psilí Ámmos, Sériphos 218 Psínthos, Rhodes 294 Psyttáleia, island 40, 41 Ptolemies 162, 170, 371, 640 Ptolemy II 200, 542, 546 Pydna, Battle of 539 Pylí, Kos 389 Pylónas, Rhodes 306 Pyrgí, Chios 448 Pyrgí, Euboea 618 Pýrgos, monastery of, Ios 159 Pýrgos, Samos 493 Pýrgos, Santorini 174 Pýrgos, Tinos 91, 97 Pýrgos, tower of, Euboea 615 Pýrgi Thermís, Lesbos 510 Pýrgos Sarakinís, Samos 493 , Lesbos 515 Pythagoras, philosopher 473, 497; (cave of) 496 Pythagóreio, Samos 479–82 Pythocritus, sculptor 298 Q Querini, Fantino 365, 401 Querini, Giovanni 91, 184, 311 Querini, Giovanni IV 311 R Ráches, Ikaría 466 Rachídi, Amorgós 186 Rachóni, Thasos 570 Rationalist architecture 410; () Reginus, St 579, 583 Rheneia 65, 82; (finds from) 88 Rho 345 Rhodes 257ff Rhodes, Italian architecture in 256 Rhodes, School of Sculpture of 254 Rhodes, around the island Ag. Names in brackets after a reference, where there is more than one place with the same name listed, indicate the province or nearest town.

Lovingly written, it contains a wealth of detail on all aspects of these popular destinations: early history and archaeology, Classical and Byzantine art and architecture, Venetian and Ottoman monuments, and present-day concerns such as where to eat, which beaches to visit, and how to get from island to island.

Nigel Mc Gilchrist is an art historian with a long-standing interest in the Mediterranean region. Col William Martin 492, 502, 510, 517, 543, 544, 579; (on Acrocorinth) 180; (on Corinth) 169; (on the Mani) 327; (on Methòni) 358; (at Olympia) 364; (on Prèveza) 499; (on Sikyon) 191; (on Treasury of Atreus) 210 Lear, Edward 515–16 394 Lerna 11, 254; (finds from) 220 Leto, goddess 131 Leucothea, goddess 182 Leuctra, battle of 17, 299–300, 417, 433–34 Levìdi 273 Lianoklàdi (finds from) 477 Libon of Elis, architect (5C BC) 375 Lidorìki 476 Ligouriò 229 Likòcheia 278 Limbovìsi 287 Linear A 11 Linear B 11, 12, 207, 217, 227, 363; (Pylos) 12, 353, 354, 355, 356; (Thebes) 422 Linòs 692 Lion Gate (Mycenae) 213–14, 410 Loutrà (Macedonia) 680 Loutrà Kyllìnis 396 Loutrà Loutrakìou 627 Loutrà Platystòmou 478 Loutrà Smòkovou 480 Loutrà Thèrmis 665 Loutràki 187 Ludwig I, King of Bavaria 238 Lycurgus 119, 300 L`ykaion 277 Lykòsoura 276; (finds from) 266 Lysippus, sculptor (4C BC) 173, 190 M Macedonia 17, 159, 587ff Macedonian school (Byzantine art) 64, 670, 672 Macedonian Wars 588 ( Mavromàti 344 Mavromichalis, Petrobey 155, 234, 327 Mavrovoùni 571 Medea 161, 555 Megà Choriò 479 Megà Spìlaion, monastery 409–10 Megàli Panaghìa (Macedonia) 666 Megàlo Pàpingo 524 Megàlo T`ympano 691 Megalòpolis 273–76, (Thessaly) 542 Mètsovo 544, 545 Metternich, Prince 52, 351 Mexiàtes 478 Mèzapos 330 Miaoulis, Andreas 121 Michael I, emperor 498, 502, 505, 512 Michael II, emperor 474, 575 Michael III, emperor 60 Michalìtsi 501; (finds from) 513 Midèa 227 (Piraeus) 122 Murad I, sultan 47, 589, 700 Murad II, sultan 47, 589, 593 Muses 424, 425, 470, 580 Museum of the Mani 333 Museum of the Olive (Sparta) 304 Museum of Water Power (Dimitsàna) 286 Mycenae 202–18 (Grave Circle A 214–15, ) Navarino, battle of 53, 351 Nazis 410, 440, 595 Nèa Anchiàlos 562 Nèa Epìdavros 253 Nèa Fòkaia 680 Nèa Gynaikokàstro 635–36 Nèa Iraìo 229 Nèa Màlgara 624 Nèa Nikomèdia 628 Nèa Potidaìa 680 Nèa Skiòni 680 Nemèa 197–200 Nemesis, goddess 140; temple of (Rhamnous) 141 Neo-Patras ((at Delphi) 464 Onouphrios, fresco artist (16C) 641 Opheltes, myths concerning 198 Oracles (general) 519–21; (Corinth) 174; (Delphi) 13, 15, 19, 20, 443, 446, 457; (Dodòna) 13, 22, 520; (Skotoùssa) 562; (Tainaron) 332 Orchomenòs (Arcadia) 272–73 Orchomenòs (Boeotia) 427–28 Orestes 206, 256 Orpheus 584 Osios Loukas () Osman Shah Djami (Trìkala) 538 Òssa, Mount 570, 571 Ostracism, system of 85 Otho, King of Greece 53, 69, 71, 108, 231, 232, 238, 474, 490 Ottomans, Ottoman empire 46ff; (decline of) 49–50, (and Ali Pasha) 517; (in Athens) 71, 79, 90; (Battle of Navarino) 351; (at Missolonghi) 491; (in Boeotia) 420; (in Epirus) 499, 502, 512, 523, 526; (in Macedonia) 589, 593, 639, 651, 656; (in Peloponnese) 48, 49, 155, 231, 265, 311, 327, 356, 358, 357, 401; (in Thessaloniki) 596; (in Thessaly) 536, 537, 548, 569, 575; (in Thrace) 47, 687, 688, 697, 700, 702; (in War of Independence) 52, 201, 265 Ottoman monuments (Àrta) 505–06; (Didymòteicho) 701; (Kavàla) 662; (Thessalonìki) 604, 605; (Trìkala) 538; (Vèroia) 631; (Vònitsa Castle) 494–95 Ouranòpolis 667 Ovid 132 INDEX 729 P Pachomios, Archimadrite of Mistra 312, 313 Paeonius ( Paionios, sculptor (5C BC) 376, 378, 385, 389, 680 Palaeologue dynasty 155, 315 Palaeologus, Constantine 395, 401 Palaeologus, Demetrius 155 Palaeologus, John 344 Palaeologus, Michael VII 320 Palaeologus, Michael VIII 45, 46, 311, 318, 478 Palaeologus, Theodore 231 Palaeologus, Thomas 155, 277, 401, 404 Pan, myths concerning 139, 254, 472 Pan, sanctuary of (Lykaion) 277 Pan-Arcadian League 274 Panaghìa Chrysafiòtissa (Chry`safa) 317 Panaghìa Chrysafiòtissa (Monemvasià) 322 Panaghìa Dourahàn, monastery (Epirus) 518 Panaghìa Koubelidìki (Kastorià) 641 Panaghia Field 177 Panaghìa, church of (Aghìa Triàda, Argolid) 229 Panaghìa, church of (Gastoùni) 394 Panaghìa Hodeghìtria (Mistra) 312–13, Panaghìa Mavriòtissa (Kastorià) 642 Panaghìa Olimpiòtissa (Elassòna) 577 Panaghìa Parigorìtissa (Àrta) 504 Panaghìa Soùmela 634 Panaghìa Spiliàs (Thessaly) 541 Panaghìa Tripitì (Aìgion) 406 Panathenaic festival 70, 78 Pandermalis, Dimitrios 582, 583 , site of 528 Panhellenic Games 13 (Delphi) 445, 446, 459; (Isthmia) 182; (Nemea) 198, 199; (Olympia) 365–67 Panselinos, Manuel, fresco artist 670, 671 Pantànassa (Mistrà) 314 Pantarkes, boy wrestler 377 Panteleìmon, monastery (Ioànnina) 516 Pantokràtoros (Athos) 673 Pàos 412 Papanastasiou, Alexandros 273 Papandreou, George 413 Papìkion, Mount 692 Paralìa (Katerìnis) 584 Paramythià 526 Paravòla 488 Pàrga 511–12 Parnassus, Mount 470–71 Paròri Gorge 310 Parthènion, Mount 254 Parthenònas 681 Pasavàs, castle of 328 518 Pàtras 399–404 Paul, St 19, 99, 159, 500, 589, 592, 594, 629, 631, 653, 657, 658, 661, 684 Paullus, Lucius Aemilius 455, 466, 585 Pausanias 20, 73, 175, 341; (on Amyklai) 309; (on Aphrodite Erykine) 412; (on the Argive Heraion) 226; (on Argos) 222; (on Bassae) 282; (on Corinth) 159, 161, 168, 171, 172, 174; (on Corycian Cave) 472; (on Delphi) 448; (on Eleutherai) 423; (on Epidaurus) 248; (on Helike) 407; (on the Loùsios river) 285; (on Lykòsoura) 276, 277; (on Battle of Marathon) 139; (on Megarians)152; (on Mycenae) 205; (on Pallantion) 272; (on Patras Odeion) 403; (on Rhamnous) 141; (on statue of Athena) 377; (on Tegea) 268; (on Temple of Hera at Olympia) 382; (on the Spartans) 302; (on the Stymphalian Birds)193; (on Tiryns) 240; (on Troezen) 257 Payne, Humfry 188, 202 730 INDEX Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil 211 Pefkàkia 558 Peirene, fountain of (Corinth) 174 Peirene, spring (Acrocorinth) 180 Peisistratus, tyrant of Athens 15, 70, 78, 147 Pèlion 564ff, , site of 192 Peloponnese 153ff Peloponnesian Folklore Foundation 238 Peloponnesian League 299 Peloponnesian War 16, 70, 158, 219, 256, 299; (Mantineia in) 271; (Megara in) 152; (Thebes in) 419 Pelops, King 365, 383, 385 Pendàlofos 493 Perachòra 187ff Pèrama 518 Perdiccas of Macedon 587, 632 Periander, tyrant of Corinth 158, 185, 529 Pericles 16, 70, 76-77, 119, 147, 492 Peristèra 665 Perivleptos (Mistra) 314 Perivòlia 282 Persephone, myths concerning 146 Perseus, King of Macedon 498, 575, 582, 585, 588 Perseus, legends concerning 154 Persia, Persians (threat to Byzantium) 42, 60, 70, 73, 578, 599 Persian Wars 15, 431–33, 433, (Arcadia in) 263; (Argos in) 219; (Athens in) 433; (Corinth in) 158; (Battle of Marathon) 138; (Mycenae in) 205; (Orchomenòs in) 427; (Sparta in) 299, 431–33, 433; (Tegea in) 267; (Thebes in) 418, 433 Pertoùli 540 Petalìdi 358; (finds from) 343 Petràlona Cave 678 282 Philanthròpinon, monastery of (Ioannina) 517 Philià 543 Philike Etaireia, revolutionary society 51, 506 Philip II, King of Macedon 17, 536, 582, 653, 657, 678; (annexes Thessaly) 575; (at Chaironeia) 17, 434; (refounds Plataea) 433; (at Delphi) 446–47; (invades Corinth) 159; (at Olympia) 383; (murder of) 17, 633; (tomb of) 598, 632–33, Philip V of Macedon 18, 393, 413, 485, 492, 493, 522, 562, 582, 588 Philippi 656–60 Philippi, battle of 19, 660 Philo, architect (4C BC) 119, 121 Philopoemen 271, 274, 300, 345, 400 Philosophou, monsteries (Loùsios Gorge) 284 Philothèou (Athos) 673 ) Plutarch 67, 434, 435, 466 Poly`anthos 691 Poly`chrono 680 Polyclitus, sculptor (5C BC) 96, 190, 226 Polyclitus the Younger, sculptor (4C BC) 247 Poly`droso 498 Poly`gyros 678 Polyneices 419 Pompey 480, 575, 592, 629 Population exchange between Turkey and Greece 71, 587, 687 Pòrta Panaghìa, church of (Thessaly) 539 Portarià 566 Portino, Manfredo, architect (20C) 613 Pòrto Germenò 423 Pòrto Kàgio 331 Pòrto Làgos 693 Portochèli 255 Poseidon 69, 256; (bronze statue of) 96 Poseidon, temples and sanctuaries of (? Aikaterìni 114, , 81 Hill of the Nymphs 100 Holy Apostles, church of 88, 115 Jewish Museum 92 Kanellopoulos Museum 91 Kapnikarèa 90, 114 Keramèïkos 100–01 Kolonàki 112 Library of Hadrian 90 Lycabettus, Mount 110, 113, Megàron Mousikìs 110 Metamòrphosis tou Sotìra 115 Metroön 84 Metropolis, Old 90, 114 Monument of the Eponymous Heroes 84 Mouseion Hill 99 Museum Alex Mylona 101 Museum of Children’s Art 91 Museum of the City 108 Museum of Cycladic Art 109 Museum of Greek Folk Art 91 Museum of Greek Folk Music 90 Museum of Greek Popular Art 90 Museum of Islamic Art 101 Museum of Traditional Pottery 101 National Garden 105 National Historical Museum 108 National Library 109 National Picture Gallery 110 Numismatic Museum 109 Oberländer Museum 101 Odeion of Herodes Atticus 108 Olympieion 105 Omorfì Ekklisìa 64 Panaghìa Gorgeopìkoös 90, 114 Panathenaic Festival 78 Panathenaic Way 81 Parliament 105 Parthenon 21, 25, 27, 76 Peribolos of the 12 Gods 85 Philopappus Monument 99 INDEX 719 Plaka 89–92 Plato’s Academy 101 Pnyx 100 Propylaia 73 Roman agora 90 Russian Church 105, 114 St George Lycabettus Hotel 124 Schliemann’s House 109 Socrates’ Prison 89 Sotìra tou Kottàki 114 Sotìra tou Lykodìmou 114 Stoa of Attalus 85 Stoa Basileos 84 Stoa Poikile 85 Street of Tombs 100 Syntagma Square 71, 105 Theatre of Dionysus 107 Theseion , site of 576 Atreus 206; (treasury of) 209–211 Attalus, ruler of Pergamon 18 Attica 131ff Augustus, emperor 19, 39, 146, 485, 492; (Battle of Actium) 499, 500, 501; (Battle of Philippi) 660 Augustus, temple of (Pàtras) 403 135ff Brienne, Walter de 143 Britain 53, 351, 493, 511, 517, 596 Broneer, Oscar 181, 183 Bruyères, Geoffrey de 278 Bulgarians 41, 42, 46, 155, 420, 575, 577, 589, 593, 639, 651 Byron, Lord 53, 68, 133, 352, 447, 490, 491, 499, 515, 517, 518 Byzantine art and architecture 55ff (Arta) 504; (Athens) 113–115; Hòsios Loùkas 436–40; (Kastorià) 641; Mistrà 65, 310–17; (Pòrta Panaghìa) 539; (Pyrasos) 562; (Pythio) 701; Skrìpou 427; (Thessalonìki) 600, 603–04, 605, 610, 611, 612; (Vèroia) 630 Byzantine rule 40ff; (Epirus) 498, 501, 505; (Macedonia) 589, 593, 598–99, 651; (Mistrà) 310–17; (Monemvasià) 320; (in Peloponnese) 155 Byzantium 40, 152 () C Cadmus, founder of Thebes 417 Caligula, emperor 378 Callicrates, architect (5C BC) 73, 77, 119 Callimachos, polemarch 139 Callimachus, sculptor (5C BC) 78, 168, 290 Calydon 491–92 720 INDEX Calydonian boar 268, 491 Çams, Çameria 497, 498, 509, 510, 528 Canachus the Sikyonian, sculptor (6C BC) 190 Cantacuzene, John VI 46, 315, 672, 700, 701 Cantacuzene, Manuel 314, 315, 316 Capodistrias, Ioannis 51, 53, 219, 231, 234, 236, 256, 401 Cassander 18, 419, 488, 588, 592, 680, 681 Castalian spring 424, 468–70 Catalans 231, 421, 430, 477, 478, 661, 676 Çelebi, Evliya 631, 697 Centaurs 387, 564 () Central Greece 417ff Cervantes, Miguel de 357, 475 Chairòneia, battle of 17, 99, 159, 417, 434 Chalandrìtsa 413 Chalkidikì 665ff Chalkidòna 623 Chalkìs 435, 665 Champlitte, William de 155, 192, 349, 357 Chandler, Dr Richard, antiquarian 364 , 466 Charites, cult of 427, 428 Chiliandarìou (Athos) 673 Chirico, Evaristico de 553 Chirico, Giorgio de (1888–1978) 553 Chiron, centaur 246, 564 Chlemoùtsi, castle of 395 Chòra 356 Choreftò 567 Chrisavgì 527 Chrìsovo 476 Chrissò 444 Christiàni 356 Christianity (arrival of) 20, 54 () Chr`ysafa 317 Church, Sir Richard 231, 493, 495 Cicero 19, 147, 494, 592; (on statue of Zeus) 377 Cistercians 45, 64, 192 Clauss, Baron von 404 Cleisthenes, reformer of Athens 15, 70, 96 Cleisthenes, tyrant of Sikyon 446, 450 Cleobis and Biton 225, 461 Cleomenes III, King of Sparta 300 Clytemnestra 206 Cocytus, river 527, 529 Codrington, Admiral Sir Edward 231, 350, 351 Communists 549 () Comnenus, Alexius, emperor 45 Comnenus, Michael Angelus, emperor 45 Comnenus, John II, emperor 47 Constantine, emperor 39–40, 54, 447, 589 Constantine I, King of Greece 71, 368, 480 Constantine XI, emperor 47, 310, 315 Constantine Monomachos 670 Constantinople 20, 40, 42, 44, 47–48 Copais ( Corinthia 157ff Corinthian capital (of Polyclitus the Younger) 247 Corinthian Order 27, 281 Corinthian War 159 Corinthians, treasury of (Delphi) 452 Coronis, myths concerning 246 Corycian Cave 471–72 Coumantaros Gallery (Sparta) 305 Cresphontes, Dorian hero 341, 349 Cretan school (Byzantine art) 132, 670, 675, 676 Croesus, King of Lydia 446 Crusades 43–44 Cumba, castle of 393 Curtius, Professor Ernst 348, 364 Cyclops Cave 697 Cynoscephalae, battle of 19, 485, 562, 575, 588 Cypselus, tyrant of Corinth 14, 158, 382, 452 Cyriac of Ancona 67, 76, 447 D Dadià Forest 699 Dàfni (Achaia) 412 Dakaris, Sotirios 528, 529 Damasus, Pope 67 Damophon, sculptor (2C BC) 276, 344, 378 Danaos, myths concerning 222 Daphnì, Monastery of 64, 143–45 Deidameia, myths concerning Treasuries 450–52 Demèsticha 413 Demeter, myths concerning 145 Demeter, temples and sanctuaries of (Corinth) 176; (Eleusis) 147; (Lykòsoura) 276; (Lepreon) 394; (Mesembria) 696; (Proerna) 480; (Stimànga) 189 , Roman city 643 Diogenes 159 Diòlkos 185 Diomedes of Argos 222, 224 Diomedes of Thrace 389, 689 Dìon 582–84 Dione, goddess 519; (temple of) 523 Dionysìou (Athos) 675–76 Dionysos the Areopagite, St 99 Dionysus 390, 417, 427, 470 Dìros Caves 329; (finds from) 303–04 Dìstomo 440 Docheiarìou (Athos) 676 Dodòna 22, 518–23, 698; (finds from) 693 Doupianì (Metèora) 548 Dousìko, monastery 540 Doxaràs 576 Dörpfeld, Dr Wilhelm 240, 381 Dràma 116, 656 Dramali, Ottoman commander 178, 197, 201 Drèpanon, Cape 405 Drìskos 544 Drossinis, Georgios 567 Duĺan, Stefan 46, 512, 589, 651, 673 Ducas, John 478 Ducas, Michael () Evander, king 272 Evangelìstria (Geràki) 319 Evangelìstria, church of (Mistrà) 312 Evropòs 636 Èvros, river 698–99 Evrytania 478–79 Exekias, painter (6C BC) 34 F Fanàri 543 Fàrsala 480 Fères 699 Filiàtes 510 Filiatrà 356 Flamininus 542, 562 Florence, Florentines, rule in Greece 71, 155, 343 Flòrina 644 Fokìda () Fort St George (Acarnanìa) 495 France, French 350 351, 356, 376, 499, 511, 544, 596 Franchthi Cave 10, 255; (finds from) 237 Franks, Frankish monuments (Àmphissa) 473; (Athens) 71, 72, 77; (Boeotia) 421, 430; (Daphnì) 145; (Macedonia) 585, 651, 657; (Peloponnese) 160, 168, 178, 231, 278, 311, 315, 318, 344, 358, 392, 394, 395, 399, 401, 413; (partition of Greece) 44; (Thessaly) 575 Frossini, Kyra () Gamìla, Mount 525 Gastoùni 394 Gaul, Gauls 401, 447, 485 Ge, goddess 444, 469 Ge-Themis, sanctuary of (Delphi) 452 Gèfyra 321, 624 Gènisis tis Theotòkou (near Anthirò) 541 Gènisis tis Theotòkou, monastery (Vìkos Gorge) 525 Gennadios, Patriarch 48, 652 Genoese 357, 558 George of Thebes, fresco artist (16C) 549 Gèrakas 292–93 Geràki 318–19 Germanos, Archbishop of Patras 51, 52, 155, 286, 399, 408, 410 Germany, Germans (in WW2) 132, 408, 523, 569, 596 Gerolimènas 330 , Roman town 588, 644–45 Heracles (Labours of) 193, 198, 254, 332, 387–89, 413, 689; (myths concerning) 154, 240, 365, 388, 417, 430, 478, 488 Heracles, temples and sanctuaries of (Dodòna) 523; (Kleonai) 200; (Thebes) 421; (Velestìno) 562 , site of 255 Herodes Atticus 20, 70, 108, 138, 159, 176, 290, 381; (head of) 162; (villa of) 266, 289, 290 Herodotus 16, 578; (on Dodòna) 519; (on Ephyra) 529; (at Olympic Games) 367; (on Battle of Plataea) 15; (on Thermopylae) 432 Herulians 20, 85, 147 Hesiod 424, 425, 579 Hesychasts 593, 611 Heuzey, Léon 582, 632, 633, 657 Hippocrates 575 Hippocrene, spring 425 Hippodameia, myths concerning 385 Hippodamus, Hippodamian system 119, 120, 345, 530, 679, 696 Hippolytus 256 Hodeghìtria, Mistrà (254 I Iasmòs 691 Ibrahim Pasha 253, 265, 278, 290 311, 349, 350, 357, 395, 405, 410; (at Missolonghi) 53, 491; (at Battle of Navarino) 155, 351 Ibrahim Pasha, Chief Vizier 49 Iconoclasm 61–62, 599, 604 Ictinus, architect (5C BC) 77, 281 Ierissòs 666 Igoumenìtsa 507 Iktinos (, Homeric city 543 Ìtylo 333 Ivìron (Athos) 673 724 INDEX J Janissaries 48, 49, 538, 597 Jason 161, 555, 564 Jason, tyrant of Pherai 536, 562, 575 Jews, Jewry in Greece 401, 515, 563, 593, 594–95, 613, 631, 639 Jocasta 419 , sculpture of (in Athens) 96 John of Athens, Byzantine artist 65, 255 Julian the Apostate, emperor 20, 40, 147, 447 Julius Caesar, emperor19, 159, 480, 542, 545, 645 Justinian, emperor 20, 41, 42, 60, 70, 500, 512, 593 K Kadmos (, site of 331 Kafkònia 363 Kaïàfas, lagoon of 393 Kaissarianì, monastery of 131 Kakòvatos 394 Kalamàs, river 507 Kalamàta 342–43 Kalambàka 545–46 Kalàndra 680 Kàlanos 413 Kalapòdi (finds from) 477 Kalàvryta 408–09 Kalèntzis 413 Kalès tis Nymfaìas 693 Kalliergis, Georgios, Byzantine artist (14C) 65, 610, 630 Kallikrates ( Kastràki 546 Kastrì 528 Kastria Caves 412 Kastrìtsa 518 Kastrìtsi 413 Kàstro (Boeotia) 429 Kàstro tis Oraìas (Tempe) 578 Kataf`ygio 476 Katàkolo 394 Katarràktis 413 Katerìni 584–85 Kàto Boularioì 330 Kàto Lousì 410 Kàto Meròpi 526 Kàto Panaghìa, nunnery (Epirus) 506 Kàto Polydèndri 571 Katochì 492 Katsìmbali 278 Kavàla 661–62 Kazantzakis, Nikos 334 Kefalàri 228 Kefalòvrysi 627 Kemal Re’is 49 Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Chr`ysafa) 317 Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Kalambàka) 545 Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Ligouriò) 230 Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Molybdoskèpastos) 526 Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Nèa Iraìo) 229 Kòkkino Nerò 571 Kokytos (343, 358 Koròni 49, 356, 358–59 Koroni, monastery (Lake Megdovo) 542 Kosmàs 292 Kòtronas 333 Kòttes 570 Koukoulì 528 Koulouleìka 570 Koundouriotis, Georgios 53 Koutloumousìou (Athos) 671 Koutsòchero 576 Kozàni 635 Kranìdi 255 327, 328 Lascaris, John IV, emperor 45 Lascaris, Theodore 45 Làvara 700 Làvrion 134–35 Leake, Lt.read more The latest edition of this Blue Guides classic, updated by Sherry Marker, a le ... View details »"I should like to congratulate you on writing the most detailed, and yet comprehensive, guide to mainland Greece available" ..more incorporated in the castle walls gives an idea of the extent of the destruction wreaked on the ancient town when the castle was first built. Zóni, Samos 479 Agáli Gorge, Euboea 616 Agathonísi 428 Agesander, sculptor 254 Aghía Eiríni, Kea 202; (finds from) 205 Aghía Eiríni, Rhodes 308 Aghía Kyriakí, Euboea 616 Aghía Marína, Aegina 21 Aghía Marína, Kasos 339 Aghía Marína, Leros 413 Aghía Marína, island of 352 Aghía Marína, tower of, Kea 206 Aghía Pakoú, Syros 61 Aghía Paraskeví, Lesbos 518 Aghía Thékla, Amorgós 188 Aghía Triáda, tower of, Amorgós 192 Aghiádes spring, Samos 484, 485 Aghiásmata, Chios 452 Aghiásos, Lesbos 514 Aghiasós, Naxos 148 Ághio Gála, Chios 451, 452 Ághios Aléxandros, Lemnos 532 Ághios Andréas, Siphnos 225–26 Ághios Charálambos, feast of 518 Ághios Efstrátios 537–38 Ághios Isídoros, Lesbos 514 Ághios Isídoros, Rhodes 305 Ághios Kírykos, Ikaría 459 Ághios Konstantínos, Télendos 405 Ághios Pávlos, Rhodes 302 Ághios Pétros, tower of, Andros 104 Ághios Phokás, Skyros 595 Ághios Ypátios, Lemnos 531 Agoracritus, sculptor 109 Ágra, Lesbos 520 Ahmose II, pharaoh 300 Aiakos () Aiántion, Salamis 42 Aďdónia, Andros 107 Aigiáli, Amorgós 193 Aďpátia, Andros 107 Aípos, Mt, Chios 454 Ajax, Greek hero 22, 39, 42 Akadími, Naxos 143, 144 Akératos, lighthouse, Thasos 567 Akrotiri, Santorini 176–79, Albanians 12, 600 Alcaeus, poet 501 Alexander the Great, letters to Chios 437 Alexius I, Comnenus, emperor 169, 190, 409, 417, 434; (chrysobull of) 422 Ali Pasha 603 Alimniá 320, 322 Alínda, Leros 414 Alithiní, Syros 60 Alónnisos 585ff Aloprónia, Síkinos 248 Althaemenes of Crete 304 Alykí, site of, Thasos 568 Amárynthos, Euboea 620 Ambelákia, Salamis 39 Ameglio, General Giovanni 276 Amfithéa, tower of, Euboea 615 Amólochos, Andros 105 662 INDEX Amorgós 184ff Amphidamus, King of Chalcis 607 Anacreon, poet 135, 473 Análipsi, Astypálaia 317 Anáphi 181ff Anárgyri, monastery of, Symi 352 Anargyros, Sotirios 44, 46 Anatolian ‘Catastrophe’ 645 Anávatos, Chios 444, Andreus, general 100 Andrew of Crete, basilica of, Lesbos 521 Andronicus II, Palaeologus 324 Andros 100ff Angeliká, Mykonos 89 Angístri 24–25 Áno Mánna, Syros 61 Áno Merá, Mykonos 88 Áno Petáli, Siphnos 222 Áno Potamiá, Naxos 140 Áno Potamiá, site of, Euboea 617 Áno Prínos, Thasos 570 Áno Sangrí, Naxos 145 Ano Syros, Syros 55, 57, 60 Antigonus, sculptor 621 Antigonus I, Monophthalmus 640 Antigonus II, Gonatas 371, 546 Antimácheia Castle, Kos 389 Antiochus the Great 525 Antíparos 124–25 Ántissa, Lesbos 523 Apalíros Castle, Naxos 147 Apeíranthos, Naxos 150 Apéri, Kárpathos 327 Aphaia, temple of, Aegina 21–24 Apháneia, period of, Ikaría () Aphendelli Basilica, Lesbos 521 Apíkia, Andros 103 Apocalypse, Convent of, Patmos 417–18 Apolichnés Castle, Chios 445 Apollo, myths concerning 65, 67, 73, 224 Apollo, major temples and sanctuaries of Anaphi 182 Chálki 321 Delos 71 Euboea 614; (finds from) 612 Kálymnos 403–04 Kea 208 Kos 384 Lesbos 519 Rhodes 285, 288 Santorini 172 Skyros 593 Thasos 564 Apollodorus, dramatist 621 Apóllona, Rhodes 304 Apóllonas, Naxos 149 Apollonía, Siphnos 221 Apollonius of Rhodes 135 Apollonius of Tralles, sculptor 254 Apothíka, Lesbos 520 Arabs 253, 641, 642 () Arcadius, emperor 404 Archángelos, Rhodes 296 Archángelos, convent of, Thasos 570 Archilochus, poet 118, 552; (cave of, Paros) 118; (relief of) 114 Archipelago, Duchy of 130 Archontikí, Psará 471 Arethoúsa, Ikaría 464 Arginónda, Kálymnos 405 Arginusae islands 509 Argos, Saría 334 Argo-Saronic Islands 11ff Ariadne, myths concerning 127, 134, 135 Ariés, valley of, Naxos 153 Arion, poet 501 , Amorgós 191 Arkí 428 Armenistís, Ikaría 466 Armenochóri, Astypálaia 316 Armólia, Chios 445 Arsinoë II, Queen 79, 544 Artemis Tauropolos, Sanctuary of (Ikaría) 466; (Lemnos) 530 INDEX 663 Artemis Thermia, Sanctuary of, Lesbos 512, , 513 Artemis, cult of 421, 467 Artemis, myths concerning 65, 67 Artemis, major temples and sanctuaries of Delos 73 Leros 414 Artemisia, Queen of Halicarnassus 364, 371, 397 Artemísion, Cape, Euboea 603, 604 Artemónas, Siphnos 222 Arvanitochóri, Kasos 339 Asclepius, sanctuary of, Kos 384–88 Asfondilítis, Amorgós 193 Asherman, David, artist (b.1917) 439 Asklipeío, Rhodes 307 Asklipiades of Arados, mosaicist 78 Asómatos, Lesbos 514 Asopus, river god 13 Asphendioú, Kos 389 Asprípetra, cave of, Kos 393 Asprópilia, Rhodes 306 Asprópyrgos, Sériphos 217 Áspros Pýrgos, Siphnos 227 Assanti family 320, 358, 365 ) Athenodorus, pirate 66, 75, 641 Athenodorus, sculptor 254 Athens, activity of in the islands 39, 41, 127, 200, 229, 355, 475, 509, 525, 552, 590, 597, 638–39; (on Delos) 64, 65, 66; (and the Battle of Salamis) 40–41 Atlantis, legend of 162, 165 Atsítsa, Skyros 594 Attalus I of Pergamon 14, 100 Attávyros, Mt, Rhodes 304 Augustus, emperor 259, 475 Avgónyma, Chios 444 Avláki, Psérimos 407 Avlóna, Kárpathos 333 Avlónas, Lemnos 530; (finds from) 528 Avlonári, Euboea 618 B Babin, Jacques-Paul 462 Bacchylides, poet 200 Baldwin II, emperor 622 Bánia tou Chárou, Milos 232 Barbarossa () Barozzi family 130, 162, 184 Basil II, emperor 537 Batsí, Andros 104 Bazaios Tower, Naxos 146 Belon, Pierre 530 Bernabiti, Armando (architect; 20C) 256, 270, 278, 308, 397, 410, 411 Beyazit I, sultan 376 Beyazit II, sultan 506 Bisson, Hippolyte 317 Bísti, Hydra 31 ‘Black Beach’, Chios 447 Blue Grotto, Kastellórizo 343 Boardman, John 446 Boďthos of Chalcedon 254 Bouboulina, Laskarina 44, 45, 45, 46 Boúdoron, fort, Salamis 42 , Kárpathos 333 Buondelmonti, Cristoforo 537, 540 Butterflies, Valley of (Paros) 124; (Rhodes) 288 Byron, signature of 125 Byzantine art and architecture 141, 307 Byzantine rule in the islands 641–42 Byzantios, Konstantinos (painter; 1924–2007) 30 Byzantios, Pericles (painter; 1893–1972) 30 C Cabeiri, Sanctuary of, Syros 61 Cabeirion, Lemnos 532 664 INDEX , Poros 36; (finds from) 35 Calaurian League 33, 36 Caligula, emperor 475 Callicratidas, Spartan admiral 509 Callimachus, poet 49 Cape Artemision, Battle of 40 Capodistrias, Ioannis 16, 18, 28, 33, 34, 644, 645 Cassander, ruler of Macedonia 39 Cassius, assassin of Caesar 259, 641 Castel Rosso, Euboea 622 Catacombs, Milos 233–34 Catalans 14, 16, 231, 503 ‘Catastrophe’ () Catherine the Great, Queen 421 Cato, Roman statesman 259 Cavafy, C. 601 Caves Antíparos 125 Archilochus, Paros 118 Asprípetra, Kos 393 Charkadió, Tilos 359 Chrysospiliá, Folégandros 245 Daskaleió, Kálymnos 399 Ellinokamára, Kasos 339 Euripides, Salamis 42–43 Képhala, Kálymnos 398 Olýmpi, Chios 449 Pan, Thasos 564 Pherecydes, Syros 62 Philoctetes, Lemnos 533 Pythagoras, Samos 496 Zas, Naxos 152; (finds from) 132 Chaironeia, Battle of 552, 640 Chalandrianí, Syros 62; (finds from) 57 Chaláris Gorge, Ikaría 466 Chalasména Thérma, Ikaría 461 Chalepas, Giannoulis (sculptor; 1851–1938) 98, 398 Chalinádos basilica, Lesbos 518 Chalkí, Naxos 142, 144 Chalkída, Euboea 607–09 Chálki 319ff Chánia, Euboea 619 Chares of Lindos, sculptor 254, 283 Charkadió Cave, Tilos 359 Charminos, Athenian general 355 Chartianá, Syros 61 Cheímaros Tower, Naxos 153 Chélatros Bay, Kasos 340 Cherónisos, Siphnos 224 Chídira, Lesbos 523 Chios 55, 57, 432ff; (massacre of) 201, 434, 438 Chistodoulos, Hosios 409, 417, 423, 425, 604; (relics of) 421 Chorió, Kálymnos 401, Chorió, Symi 350 Choziba, monastery 190 Christ of Jerusalem, basilica of, Kálymnos 404 Christós Photodóti, monastery, Naxos 152 Christós Rachón, Ikaría 466 Christós tou Dásou, convent of, Paros 124 Christós, monastery of, Samothrace 549 Chroússa, Syros 61 Chryse, island of 533 Chrysocheriá Castle, Kálymnos 401 Chrysospiliá Cave, Folégandros 245 Chthonic Deities, Sanctuary of, Naxos 138 Cicero, Roman orator 259 Cipollino marble 628 Claudius, emperor 475 Cleoboulos of Lindos 303; (Tomb of) 302 Cleomedes, boxer 313 Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt 475 Cochrane, Thomas, Earl of Dundonald 28 Cockerell, Charles Robert 23 Colaeus of Samos 473, 492 Colossus of Rhodes 282, 283 Comnena, Anna 451 Comnenus, Alexius I () Conon, astronomer 475 Constantine I, emperor 601, 641 Constantine IX, Monomachos 440 Cornaro family 324, 337 Crane Dance 64, 73 Crispi family 51, 129, 156, 162, 241 Crispo, Giovanni IV 200 Crispo, Marco 158 Crusade, Fourth 642 Cybele, Sanctuary of, Chios 453 Cyclades 49ff Cycladic Culture 50, 53–54, 636 Cycladic figurines 54, , Kálymnos 403 Danaë, myths concerning 214 Dandolo family 100, 130 Dáphni, Lemnos 531 Dardanus, myths concerning 539 Darius I, King of Persia 552, 563, 638 Daskaleió, Cave of, Kálymnos 399 Daskalópetra, Chios 453 Datis, Persian commander 626 De Vecchi, Cesare Maria 255–56, 256, 267 Decius, emperor 437 Delacroix, Eugčne 434 Delfíni, Syros 61 Delia, ancient festivals 64, 65 Delian League 51, 65, 219, 432, 638–39 Delion, Paros 118; (statue from) 113 Dellagratsia, Syros 61 Delos 64ff, , ancient city 540 Demetrius, St 619 Demetrius Poliorcetes 259, 283, 475, 640 Demodicus, philosopher 409 Demoteles, tyrant of Samos 473 Despotikó 125; (finds from) 114 Di Fausto, Florestano (architect; 1890–1965) , 256, 279, 282, 375, 378, 397 Diafáni, Kárpathos 332 Diagoridai 287 Diapóri, Lemnos 529 Digby, Sir Kenelm 66 Dimosári Gorge, Euboea 624 Dío Choriá, Tinos 95 Diodorus Siculus, historian 135, 300, 501, 525, 543 Dionysus, myths concerning 127, 134, 135 Dionysus, major temples and sanctuaries of Lesbos 515 Naxos 144 Thasos 559 Dírfys, Mt, Euboea 615 ‘Disappearances’, Ikaría 459, 464, 467 Djem, Ottoman prince 269 Dodecanese islands 251ff Dokós 31–32 Dokós, Euboea, finds from 609 Domitian, emperor 421 Donoúsa 195, 198; (finds from) 132 Dorian Hexapolis 257, 371 Dorians, colonisation of islands 50, 14, 170, 181, 229, 247, 287, 311, 324, 341, 371, 416, 597, 637 Dótia Tower, Chios 449 Drákanon, Ikaría 461 Drakospiliá, Astypálaia 318 Drakóspita Euboea 624, 625, , 626; (finds from) 621 Drakou, Symi 351 Drosinis, Georgios 604 Dryopes 210 Dryopída, Kythnos 213 Durrell, Lawrence 271, 279, 289 Dwarf elephants 359 Dýstos, Lake, Euboea 629 E Eftaliotis, Argyris 501 Efthaloú spa, Lesbos 517 Egypt, ancient 65, 257, 640; (19C) 644 Ekatontapylianí, Paros 111–13 Eleoúsa, Rhodes 303 Eleusis, mysteries of 542 Elliniká, Kea 207 Ellinokamára Cave, Kasos 339 Elytis, Odysseas 156, 501 Émbonas, Rhodes 305 Emboreió, Chálki 320 Emboreió, Kálymnos 406 Emboreió, Kasos 338 Emboreió, Santorini 175 Embrós Thérmi, Kos 383 Empóla, fortress of, Kálymnos 400 Emporeió, Chios 446 Epáno Fellós, Andros 104 Epáno Kámbos, Ios 158 Epáno Kástro, Andros 106 Epáno Kástro, Naxos 140 Episkopí, Hydra 31 666 INDEX Episkopí, church of, Síkinos 249 Episkopí monastery, Kea 206 Episkopío, Syros 60 Eptá Pighés, Rhodes 295 Erasistratus, physician 200 Eresós, Lesbos 520 Erétria, Euboea 611–15 Eriá, Euboea 616 Erinna, poetess 358 Ermoúpolis, Syros 55, 57–60 Euboea 597fff Chalkída 607–09 Erétria 611–15 Kárystos 620 Lefkandí 610; (finds from) 611 Eupalinos, engineer 473, 483; (tunnel of) 482–85 Euripides, Cave of, Salamis 42–43 Euripos, Euboea 607, 608 Eustathius of Thessalonica 462 Evangelismós, convent, Patmos 424 Evangelismós monastery, Skópelos 582 Evangelístria monastery, Skiáthos 577 Évdilos, Ikaría 465 Évia (, 166 Firostefáni, Santorini 168 Flamboúria, Kythnos 213 Flaskiá Gorge, Kárpathos 330 Flerió, Naxos 136 Folégandros 244ff Foniás Tower, Samothrace 549 Foscolo, Leonardo 181, 409 Foúrni 457ff Fowles, John 46 Fraser, Juliette May (painter; 1887–1983) 439 ‘Frying pans’ 50, 54, , 57, 609 Fteliá, Mykonos 88 Fyropótamos, Milos 236 G Gaitis, Yiannis (painter; 1923–84) 156, 158, 279 Galanadó, Naxos 145 Galen, physician 462, 512, 515, 525, 530 Gattilusi family 503, 506, 508, 517, 523, 539, 552, 571 Gattilusi Towers, Samothrace 548 Gavalas, Leo 259 Gávrio, Andros 104 Genoese, control of islands 55, 130, 147, 259, 373, 397, 434, 438, 444, 447, 449, 451, 459, 475, 503, 517, 527, 571, 577, 642, 643 Géra, gulf of, Lesbos 509–10 , Euboea 624 Germatá, Cape, Rhodes 308 Ghisi family 91, 184, 200, 215, 576, 579 Giália beach, Andros 103 Gialiskári, Ikaría 466 Gialós, Symi 348–50 Giáltra, Euboea 602 Gianuli da Corogna 219 Gioúra, island 585, 588 Giustiniani family 215, 434, 436, 445 Giustiniani, Pietro 200, 215 Glaucus, builder of the 348 Glóssa, Skópelos 584 Glyfáda lakes, Samos 487 Gomáti Beach, Lemnos 531 Goúves, Euboea 604 Gozzadini family 210, 219, 241, 244 Grabiá, Euboea 622 Grámmata, Kasos 339 Grámmata, Syros 62 Great Goddess, sanctuaries of Lemnos 531 Samothrace 541–48 Greco, El 59, , 422 Gregory of Symi (painter; 18C) 297, 362 Griá Castle, Sériphos 216 Grías Castle, Chios 454 Grikós, Patmos 424 INDEX 667 Grimaldi family 571 Grotta-Pelos Culture 53 Gyalí 369 Gyáros 209 Gymnopaidiai 173 Gýroulas, Naxos 146 Gyzis, Nikolaos (painter; 1842–1901) 94, 97 H Hadrian, emperor 539, 601, 641 , Lemnos 531; (finds from) 528 Hephaistos, myths concerning 527 Heracles, myths concerning 84, 602 Heracles, Sanctuary of, Thasos 562 Heraion, Samos 487–93; (finds from) 476–78 Herakleia 195 Hermaists 66, 70, 74 Herodotus, references to islands in the works of 14, 26, 40, 41, 73, 210, 219, 229, 300, 364, 453, 480, 483, 492, 525, 536, 539, 552, 542, 562, 563, 568, 597, 626 Heruls 525, 641 Herzog, Rudolf 376, 385 Hesiod, poet 73 Hesychius of Alexandria 462 ) Hydra 26ff, 34, 44 Hyginus, Latin author 135 Hyperboreans 73 Hypsipyle, myths concerning 247, 527 I Iakovides, Georgios (painter; 20C) 505 Ialysós, Rhodes 287; (finds from) 271 Ibrahim Pasha 472, 644 Ibrahim, Ottoman sultan 219 Icarus, myths concerning 463 Icons of Choziba 190, 191 of Philérimos 265, 287 of Tinos 91, 93, 94 Iconoclastic period 141, 642 Ignatios Agallianos, St 519 Ignatius, architect 111 Ikaría 459ff , Alónnisos 587 Ília, Euboea 602 Imerovígli, Santorini 168 Ioánnis Pródromos of Kálamos, Ios 160 Ion, poet 432 Ionians, colonisation of islands 50, 65, 91, 100, 109, 184, 200, 210, 409, 416, 432, 446, 473, 488, 597, 637 Ios 155ff Ioúlis, Kea 204, Irene, empress 503 Isidore of Chios, St 434, 437 Isidorus of Miletus, architect 111 Istérnia, Tinos 97 Istiaía, Euboea 603 Italians, activities in the islands 129, 248, 253, 267, 303, 320, 337, 373, 397, 410–11, 417, 419, 645; (architecture of) 255–56, , 375, 411 Iznik ware 254, 298 J Jason, myths concerning 181, 182, 527 Jews, Jewish monuments 260, 276, 277, 278, 384 John the Evangelist, St 416, 421, 418, 425 John VIII, emperor 539 668 INDEX John the Russian, St 606 Julitta, St 464 Julius Caesar 259, 427, 503, 641 Justinian, emperor 111, 506 K Kalamítsia, Naxos 136 Kalamotí, Chios 445 Kallergis, Col. 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